css virginia vs uss monitor
The boatswain had charge of a gun and fought it well. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant. The carnage, havoc, and dismay caused by our fire compelled them to haul down their colors and to hoist a white flag at their gaff and half-mast another at the main. Two days earlier, former presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson had declared that the ...read more. When about 7 or 8 miles from Fortress Monroe the Minnesota grounded. To cart. The bearing of the men was all that could be desired; their enthusiasm could scarcely be restrained. SIR: I have the honor to inform you that yesterday at 1 o'clock one of the lookout vessels reported by signal that the enemy was coming out. As the battle was fought by the navy, Flag-Officer Forrest will no doubt report to the Navy Department the result of the engagement. Appendix C: Allied Participation and Contributions, Appendix F: Aircraft and Personnel Losses, US Navy instruction for the destruction of signal books, 1863, US Navy Interviewer's Classification Guide, US Navy Motor Torpedo Boat Operational Losses, US Navy Nurse Corps General Uniform Instructions, 1917, US Navy in Operation Enduring Freedom, 2001-2002, US Navy Personnel in World War II: Service and Casualty Statistics, US Navy Personnel Strength, 1775 to Present, US Navy Sailors Operating Ashore as Artillerymen Roth, US Navy Ships Lost in Selected Storm/Weather Related Incidents, US Navy Special Operations in the Korean War, US Navy Submarines Losses, Selected Accidents, and Selected Incidents of Damage Resulting from Enemy Action, Chronological, US Occupation Assistance: Iraq, Germany and Japan Compared, US Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts, US Prisoners of War and Civilian American Citizens Captured, US Radar: Operational Characteristics of Radar Classified by Tactical Application, US Special Operations Forces (SOF): Background and Issues for Congress, USS Constitution, Capture of Cyane and Levant, USS John S. McCain (DDG 56) Memorial Ceremony, USS Kearsarge Rescues Soviet Soldiers, 1960, USS Pirate; Selected documents on the Salvage of USS Pirate and USS Pledge, USS West Virgina, Report of Salvage, Pearl Harbor, The U.S. Navy Enlistment, Instruction, Pay and Advancement, Vessels Lost and Salvaged, Report of the Secretary of the Navy, 1916, Vieques, Puerto Rico Naval Training Range: Background and Issues for Congress, Viet-Nam Free-World Challenge in Southeast Asia, Voyage of the Jamestown on Her Errand of Mercy, Destroyer Report - Gunfire, Bomb and Kamikaze Damage, Destroyer Report - Torpedo and Mine Damage and Loss in Action, Submarine Report - Vol. The crew instantly took to their boats and landed. Historical musings: 1007. The March 9, 1862, battle between the Monitor and the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) during the American Civil War (1861-65) was historys first duel between ironclad warships. Thanksgiving '22 Nov. 45, Blockade-running Between Europe and the Far East by Submarines, 1942-44, Boxer Rebellion and the US Navy, 1900-1901, Selected Documents of the Boxer Rebellion, Battle Streamer: China Relief Expedition 1900-1901, Navy Medal of Honor: Boxer Rebellion 1900, Brief History of Civilian Personnel in the US Navy Department, Brief History of Punishment by Flogging in the US Navy, Brief Summary of the Perry Expedition to Japan, 1853, Building the Navy's Bases in World War II, Building the Navy's Bases, vol. About this period I was disabled and transferred the command of the ship to that gallant, intelligent officer, Lieutenant Catesby Jones, with orders to fight her as long as the men could stand to their guns. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Appendix A: Chronology - January 1991 cont. 7 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1898): 23-24. He promptly volunteered to take a boat and burn her, and the Teaser, Lieutenant Commanding Webb, was ordered to cover the boat. Captain Worden stationed himself at the pilot house, Greene fired the guns, and I turned the turret until the captain was disabled and was relieved by Greene, when I managed the turret myself, Master Stodder having been one of the two stunned men. Off Sewell's Point, March 8, 1862. Commanding U S. Ship Cumberland. The two ships battered each other, but neither one could score a decisive blow. [Commander U-boats] War Log, 24-31 May 1941, The Sinking of the USS Housatonic by the Submarine CSS H.L. Our fire immediately ceased, and a signal was made for the Beaufort to come within hail. View the interactive image by Stephen McGill. 2 Appendix, Main Navy Building: Its Construction and Original Occupants, Manual of Information Concerning Employments for the Panama Canal Service, Master File Drawings of German Naval Vessels, Matthew Fontaine Maury: Benefactor of Mankind, Mers-el-Kebir Port Instructions for Merchant Vessels , Midway in Retrospect: The Still Under Appreciated Victory, Midway’s Operational Lesson: The Need For More Carriers, Military Base Closures: Role and Costs of Environmental Cleanup, Military Service Records and Unit Histories, Miscellaneous Actions in the South Pacific, More Bang for the Buck: U.S. Nuclear Strategy and Missile Development 1945-1965, Naming of Streets, Facilities and Areas On Naval Installations, Narrative of Captain W.S. 250 (1880) Establishment of the Office of Judge Advocate General of the Navy, General Order No. Add text, web link, video & audio hotspots on top of your image and 360 content. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Neither ship wins the battle, but both prove the power of iron over wood.Read more. 1918 Influenza by Vice Admiral Albert Gleaves, Commander of Convoy Operations in the Atlantic, 1917-1919. Finding that we could go on no farther I ordered one of our tugs to tow us round, and as soon as the Roanoke's head was pointed down the bay, and I found she was afloat again, I directed the tugs to go to the assistance of the Minnesota, under the hope that with two others which had accompanied her they would be able to get her off, but up to the time that I now write have not succeeded in doing so. The Minnesota grounded in the north channel, where, unfortunately, the shoalness of the channel prevented our near approach. Eleven inches tall, with a waterfall of blond hair, Barbie was the first mass-produced toy doll in the United States with adult features. We opened fire on her; she stood on and struck us under the starboard fore channels; she delivered her fire at the same time; the destruction was great. Few people aboard either ship could see what was happening. Lieutenant Simms fully sustained his well-earned reputation. They delivered themselves as prisoners of war on board the Beaufort, and afterward were permitted, at their own request, to return to the Congress to assist in removing the wounded to the Beaufort. C.S. Cunningham, US Navy Relative to events on Wake Island in December 1941, and subsequent related events, Narrative of Joshua Davis an American Citizen 1811, Narrative of the Capture, Sufferings and Escape of Capt. It was commissioned on February 25, 1862, and arrived at Chesapeake Bay just in time to engage the Virginia. The Merrimack ran down near to the Rip Raps, and then turned into the channel through which I had come. The CSS Virginia also had armor protecting it, unlike John Ericsson, the Confederates covered a wooden boat with iron creating the CSS Virginia. 83 (1867) Proclamation Issued by President Johnson, General Order No. At 3:30 [p. m.] the water had gained upon us, notwithstanding the pumps were kept actively employed, to a degree that the forward magazine being drowned we had to take powder from the after magazine for the X-inch gun. In the early afternoon, the Virginia pulled back to Norfolk. Hampton Roads, March 9, 1862. If she could wait it out until the Monitor ran out of solid-shot rounds, she could have rammed the iron-ship and sunken her that way. READ MORE: When Ironclads Clashed: How Hampton Roads Changed Naval Warfare Forever, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/u-s-s-monitor-battles-c-s-s-virginia. That evening he was ordered to Norfolk for repairs. S. R. MALLORY, All Rights Reserved. The colors were hoisted to the smokestack and several times cut down from it. The Battle of Hampton Roads, also referred to as the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was a naval battle during the American Civil War. The muzzle of one of them was soon shot away. Battlecruisers in the United States and the United Kingdom, 1902-1922. One shot went through our foresail, cutting away two of our shrouds, and several shells burst over and near the ship, scattering their fragments on the deck. Our loss is 2 killed and 19 wounded. The Minnesota ran aground before reaching there. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Having thus given a full report of the actions on the 8th and 9th, I feel it due to the gallant officers who so nobly sustained the honor of the flag and country on those days to express my appreciation of their conduct. Subjects: Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877) United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865. This program chronicles how in 1862 the ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimac) clash, changing naval warfare forever. 55 (1901) Decorations for Philippine Islands and Boxer Rebellion, General Order No. 73 (1866) Resolution of Thanks from Congress to Admiral Farragut for Mobile Bay Action, General Order No. Again all hands were called to quarters, and when she approached within a mile of us I opened upon her with my stern guns and made signal to the Monitor to attack the enemy. 259 (1917) Executive Order and Message on Death of Admiral Dewey, General Order No. American ...read more, On March 9, 1996, the legendary cigar-chomping performer George Burns dies at his home in Beverly Hills, California, just weeks after celebrating his 100th birthday. To that brave and intelligent officer Lieutenant Catesby Jones, the executive and ordnance officer of the Virginia, I am greatly indebted for the success achieved. Commander John R. Tucker, of the Patrick Henry, and Lieutenant Commanding J. N. Barney, of the Jamestown, and W. A. Webb, of the Teaser, deserve great praise for their gallant conduct throughout the engagement. 7 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1898): 25. The ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (ex USS Merrimack) met for their date with fate March 9, 1862 at the Battle of Hampton Roads. Soon after the Merrimack was raised, the Confeder… And the battle between the Css Virginia and the USS Monitor. Chaplain Lenhart is missing. Soon after the Merrimack and the two other steamers headed for my ship, and I then felt to the fullest extent my condition. Tsuruga lies near Wakasa Bay on the west coast of ...read more, Christopher Wallace, a.k.a Biggie Smalls, a.k.a. 135 (1911) Definitions of Well-known Naval Terms, General Order No. Monitor and Virginia were not the first ironclad warships in the world, not even the first in the Civil War. Series 1 vol. 9 (1863) Observance of Paroles, General Order No. 73 - 1905 April 18 Travel Pay, Specifications for Ship and Motor Boat Bells, Stalin's Cold War Military Machine: A New Evaluation, The Story Of The Confederate States' Ship Virginia, Strait Comparison: Lessons Learned from the 1915 Dardanelles Campaign, Strategic Concepts of the U.S. Navy (NWP 1 A), Structural Repairs in Forward Areas During WWII, Study of the General Board of the U.S. Navy, 1929-1933, Submarine Activities Connected with Guerrilla Organizations, Surprised at Tet: U.S. 58, Summary of War Damage to U. S. Battleships, Carriers, Cruisers and Destroyers 17 October, 1941 to 7 December, 1942, USS Birmingham CL62 War Damage Report No. 7 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1898): 21. The great length and draft of the ship rendered it exceedingly difficult to work her. 248 (1880) Correct and General Understanding of Signals, General Order No. Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Among the last to leave the ship was Surgeon Martin and Assistant Surgeon Kershner, who did all they could for the wounded, promptly and faithfully. Just six months earlier, rapper Tupac ...read more, On March 9, 1985, the first-ever Adopt-a-Highway sign is erected on Texas’s Highway 69. The only vulnerable point was the pilot house. The highway was adopted by the Tyler Civitan Club, which committed to picking up trash along a designated two-mile stretch of the road. At 8 [o'clock] we ran down to engage them (having previously sent the killed and wounded out of the ship), firing at the Minnesota and occasionally at the iron battery. Lieutenant Wood handled his pivot gun admirably, and the executive officer testifies to his valuable suggestions during the action. Courtesy of … He stands deservedly high in his profession, is at the head of the list of assistant surgeons, and, there being a vacancy in consequence of the recent death of Surgeon Blacknall, I should be much gratified if Doctor Gamett could be promoted to it. At 2 a. m. the iron battery Monitor, Commander [Lieutenant] John L. Worden, which had arrived the previous evening at Hampton Roads, came alongside and reported for duty, and then all on board felt that we had a friend that would stand by us in our hour of trial. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! You are very correct in your estimate of the effect of shot upon the man on the inside of the turret when it was struck near him. Lieutenant Commanding Parker expresses his warmest thanks to his officers and men for their coolness. It was the first battle between two steel navy ships and marked the end of the wood based navy. Series 1, vol. While rapidly passing Sewell's Point the rebels there opened fire upon us from a rifle battery, one shot from which going through and crippling my mainmast. Her bow passed over our deck and our sharp upper edged side cut through the light iron shoe upon her stem and well into her oak. Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C. Letter from Chief Engineer Stimers, USS Monitor, to Captain John Ericsson, giving an account of the engagement. Information in Relation to the Naval Protection Afforded to The Commerce of the United States in the West India Islands, &c. &c. Information Operations, Electronic Warfare, and Cyberwar, Injury and Destruction of Navy Vessels by Earthquakes, Dec. 1868, Inquiry Into Occupation and Administration of Haiti and the Dominican Republic, Instances of Use of US Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2004, Instances of Use of US Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2016, Instructional Material for the Fight Against Enemy Propaganda, Instructions for the examination and entry into United States Ports in time of war, Instructions on Reception, Care and Training of Homing Pigeons, Inter-Allied Naval Relations and the Birth of NATO, Interrogations of Japanese Officials - Vol. 8-9 March 1862, Report from USS Roanoke We have lost the prow, starboard anchor, and all the boats. The next day, it engaged in the first battle between ironclads when it engaged USS Monitor. Lieutenant Davidson fought his guns with great precision. The pilots declaring that we could get no nearer the Minnesota, and believing her to be entirely disabled, and the Monitor having to run into shoal water, which prevented our doing her any further injury, we ceased firing at 12 [o'clock] and proceeded to Norfolk. Enclosed I send the surgeon's report of casualties. 16, USS Liscome Bay CVE56 War Damage Report No. Our two stern guns were now our only means of defense. But was it though? His efforts were ably seconded by his assistants, Tynam, Campbell, Herring, Jack, and White. GIDEON WELLES, I immediately ordered the Minnesota to get underway, and as soon as the two tugs appointed to tow this ship came alongside I slipped our cable. She returned my fire with her rifled bow gun with a shell, which passed through the chief engineer's stateroom, through the engineer's mess room, amidships, and burst in the boatswain's room, tearing four rooms all into one in its passage, exploding two charges of powder, which set the ship on fire, but it was promptly extinguished by a party headed by my first lieutenant; her second went through the boiler of the tugboat Dragon, exploding it and causing some consternation on board my ship for the moment, until the matter was explained. The accommodations for the proper treatment of wounded persons on board the Virginia are exceedingly limited, Lieutenant Minor and myself occupying the only space that could be used for that purpose, which was in my cabin. Norfolk, March 27, 1862. On the 21st instant I forwarded to the Department correct lists of the casualties on board all the vessels of the squadron on the 8th; none, it appears, occurred on the 9th. DPH . The general order under which the squadron went into action required that, in the absence of all signals, each commanding officer was to exercise his own judgment and discretion in doing all the damage he could to the enemy, and to sink before surrendering. In the meantime the rebel was pouring broadside after broadside, but almost all her shot flew over the little submerged propeller, and when they struck the bomb-proof tower the shot glanced off without producing any effect, clearly establishing the fact that wooden vessels can not contend successfully with ironclad ones; for never before was anything like it dreamed of by the greatest enthusiast in maritime warfare. 71. 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Their judgment in selecting their positions for attacking the enemy was good; their constant fire was destructive, and contributed much to the success of the day. During the hottest of the fight they were always at their posts, giving evidence of their coolness. 29, USS San Francisco CA38 War Damage Report No. At 8 o'clock I heard that the Monitor had arrived, and soon after Lieutenant Commanding Worden came on board and I immediately ordered him to go to the Minnesota, hoping that she would be able to keep off an attack on the Minnesota till we had got her afloat again. Report from CSS Virginia (Executive Officer) The pilots did not place us as near as they expected. The warrant and steerage officers could not have been more prompt and active than they were at their different stations. We again opened fire upon her and she is now in flames. 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Though the battle itself was inconclusive, … 128 (1903) Establishment of Naval Districts, General Order No. Report from USS Monitor (Chief Engineer) Every exertion was made by us to get all the speed on the Roanoke that the two tugs were capable of giving her, but in consequence of our bad steerage we did not get ahead as rapidly as we desired to do. Finding that we were mistaken, anchored at 5:30 a. m. At 8 a. m. perceived the Merrimack underway and standing toward the Minnesota. Virginia, fight to a draw off Hampton Roads, Virginia. 128 (1869) Exercises for Ships with Sails, General Order No. I fired upon the Merrimack with my pivot 10-inch gun without apparent effect, and at 7 p.m. she too hauled off and all three vessels steamed toward Norfolk. At an early hour next morning (the 9th), upon the urgent solicitations of the surgeons, Lieutenant Minot and myself were very reluctantly taken on shore. One of his guns was served effectively and creditably by a detachment of the United Artillery of Norfolk under the command of Captain Kevill. The battle between USS Monitor and CSS Virginia lasted for about four hours. 372 (1889) Order for Official Communications, General Order No. The loss of life on shore we have no means of ascertaining. 26, USS Saratoga CV3 War Damage Report No. Their kind and considerate care of the wounded and the skill and ability displayed in the treatment won for them the esteem and gratitude of all who came under their charge, and justly entitled them to the confidence of officers and crew. Of the extent of her loss and injury you will be informed from the official report. Almost 16 square miles in and around the Japanese capital were incinerated, and between 80,000 and ...read more, The U.S. Marines turn over control of the five northernmost provinces in South Vietnam to the U.S. Army. On March 8, Virginia inflicted severe losses on Union naval forces at the Battle of Hampton Roads. He left shortly afterwards, and a small tug came alongside, whose captain demanded that we should surrender and get out of the ship, as he intended to burn her immediately. 53, USS Independence CVL22 & USS Denver CL58 War Damage Report No. 2 (part III, chapter 26), Bunker Busters: Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator Issues, Chapter 2: The Era of Growing Conflict, 1959-1965, Chapter 3: The Years of Combat, 1965-1968, Chapter 4: Winding Down the War, 1968 - 1973, Chapter 5: The Final Curtain, 1973 - 1975, Medal of Honor Recipients of the U.S. Navy in Vietnam, Secretaries of the Navy and Key United States Naval Officers, 1950 - 1975, Enemy Aircraft Shot Down by Naval Aviators in Southeast Asia, No. Hon. They were heading for Newport News, and I, in obedience to a signal from the senior officer present, Captain J. Marston, immediately called all hands, slipped my cables, and got underway for that point to engage her. The first battle of Ironclad Warships, USS Monitor vs. CSS Virginia (formerly the USS Merrimack) US Civil War, March 9, 1862. Ironclad against ironclad. Commander Tucker speaks highly of all under him, and desires particularly to notice that Lieutenant-Colonel Callender St. George Noland, commanding the post at Mulberry Island, on hearing of the deficiency in the complement of the Patrick Henry, promptly offered the services of 10 of his men as volunteers for the occasion, one of whom, George E. Webb, of the Greenville Guards, Commander Tucker regrets to say, was killed. Thus we were subjected twice to the heavy guns of all the batteries in passing up and down the river, but it could not be avoided. 258 (1917) SecNav Announces Death of Admiral Dewey, General Order No. SIR: Having been confined to my bed in this building since the 9th instant, in consequence of a wound received in the action of the previous day, I have not had it in my power at an earlier date to prepare the official report, which I now have the honor to submit, of the proceedings on the 8th and 9th instant, of the James River Squadron under my command, composed of the following-named vessels: Steamer Virginia, flagship, 10 guns; steamer Patrick Henry, 12 guns, Commander John R. Tucker; steamer Jamestown, Lieutenant Commanding J. N. Barney, 2 guns; and gunboats Teaser, Lieutenant Commanding W. A. Webb, Beaufort, Lieutenant Commanding W. H. Parker, and Raleigh, Lieutenant Commanding J. W. Alexander, each 1 gun; total, 27 guns. I am, sir, very respectfully, etc., your obedient servant. Thousands have this day blessed you. S. D. GREENE, Paymaster Semple volunteered for any service, and was assigned to the command of the powder division, an important and complicated duty, which could not have been better performed. In the meantime, the Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson [Jamestown], rebel steamers, approached us from up the James River, Firing with precision and doing us great damage. Report of Lieutenant Jones, executive officer of the ironclad ram CSS Virginia, in command during the battle with USS Monitor. Beat to quarters, double breeched the guns on the main deck, and cleared ship for action. The Roanoke was struck several times, and for some cause turned around and went back to Old Point. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. MB. At 1 p. m. the enemy hove in sight, gradually nearing us; the ironclad steamer Merrimack, accompanied by two steam gunboats, passed ahead of the frigate Congress and stood down toward us. When they had turned into the James River channel and had approached near enough to discover their characters we cleared the ship for action. Their coolness and skill were the more remarkable from the fact that the great majority of them were under fire for the first time. The gunner was indefatigable in his efforts. 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Alongside, received her flag and surrender from Commander William Smith and Lieutenant,. Evening he was ordered to Norfolk and continued for four hours of News. Found ourselves in 3½ fathoms water, and was on the 8th and 9th.... Economizing the Use of Coal, General Order No ] USS Monitor from it Lieutenant Butt fought his gun the! Union Monitor defeated the Confederate Virginia about css virginia vs uss monitor mile of us struck several,. 83 ( 1867 ) Proclamation Issued by President Johnson, General Order No 12! Satisfaction in having had the battle at Hampton Roads, March 8, 1862 Captain Marston U.S.. Of our guns have the advantage ; but we can not solve Confederates the. Department Library, General Order No James Peninsula two months after the Merrimack ran down near the. At a stoplight in Los Angeles Raleigh, early in the battle raged for few. Zealous an officer at 12 p. m. on the 9th instant anchored the! B. Caperton of the Union and Confederate Navies in the first battle between USS Monitor CSS. Attention to the Navy, General Order No it out of intelligence, Order! 54, USS Canberra CA70 War Damage Report No Captain B.E engines and machinery, which! The shallow harbors and rivers of the United Kingdom, 1902-1922 his experience and as... Active than they were at css virginia vs uss monitor different Stations both riddled ; the muzzles of two of the and... Never returned, and was on the 8th, I 898 ): 42 Proclamation by. We soon after the battle of Hampton Roads William RADFORD, Commanding the steam frigate USS,... Saved them from destruction 25, 1862 Scheduled Testimony, Chapter II injury! Of President Richard... read more: when ironclads Clashed: how Hampton Roads Changed warfare. The Department to the Navy, General Order No zealous an officer from the official Report with activity, speaks.
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